When you think of Nova Scotia tourism, you may well think first of Peggy's Cove, on St. Margaret's Bay near Halifax. The photogenic fishing community has become famous on calendars the world over. Its red and white lighthouse is just one stop along the Lighthouse Route that runs along the province's South Shore from Halifax to Yarmouth. Rissers Beach, near Bridgewater, offers a white sand beach a kilometre long, an Interpretation Centre and a boardwalk along an inland marsh.
Nova Scotia's most famous scenic drive is the Cabot Trail on Cape Breton Island. The island is home to its own variant of Gaelic, and like Scotland—to which many "Capers" trace their origins—Cape Breton has highlands of its own. As well as enjoying these haunting landscapes, make time to stop at Cape Breton's friendly communities. In Baddeck, where Alexander Graham Bell once lived, you can visit a museum devoted to his life and inventions. The museum in the fishing village of Chéticamp, meanwhile, focuses on the fascinating history of the Acadians.
As befitting a province with so much coastline, Nova Scotia has a proud naval and military history. At the restored Cape Breton fortress of Louisbourg, which the British and French empires fought over desperately, you can step back in time to 1744.
In Halifax you can visit the Citadel, which the British built as a counter to Louisbourg. Halifax is also home to the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, whose star attractions are artefacts from the Titanic, including some of those proverbial deck chairs. You'll also find the excellent Pier 21 National Historic Site, where millions of immigrants once entered Canada.